Om ateism och bacon

För 399 år sedan (1612) skrev Sir Francis Bacon några betraktelser, bl.a. om ateismen (Of Atheism):

I HAD rather believe all the fables in the Legend, and the Talmud, and the Alcoran, than that this universal frame is without a mind. And therefore, God never wrought miracle, to convince atheism, because his ordinary works convince it. It is true, that a little philosophy inclineth man’s mind to atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth men’s minds about to religion. For while the mind of man looketh upon second causes scattered, it may sometimes rest in them, and go no further; but when it beholdeth the chain of them, confederate and linked together, it must needs fly to Providence and Deity.

Nay, even that school which is most accused of atheism doth most demonstrate religion; that is, the school of Leucippus and Democritus and Epicurus. For it is a thousand times more credible, that four mutable elements, and one immutable fifth essence, duly and eternally placed, need no God, than that an army of infinite small portions, or seeds unplaced, should have produced this order and beauty, without a divine marshal.

The Scripture saith, The fool hath said in his heart, there is no God; it is not said, The fool hath thought in his heart; so as he rather saith it, by rote to himself, as that he would have, than that he can thoroughly believe it, or be persuaded of it. For none deny, there is a God, but those, for whom it maketh that there were no God. It appeareth in nothing more, that atheism is rather in the lip, than in the heart of man, than by this; that atheists will ever be talking of that their opinion, as if they fainted in it, within themselves, and would be glad to be strengthened, by the consent of others. Nay more, you shall have atheists strive to get disciples, as it fareth with other sects (Humanisterna!). And, which is most of all, you shall have of them, that will suffer for atheism, and not recant; whereas if they did truly think, that there were no such thing as God, why should they trouble themselves?

Epicurus is charged, that he did but dissemble for his credit’s sake, when he affirmed there were blessed natures, but such as enjoyed themselves, without having respect to the government of the world. Wherein they say he did temporize; though in secret, he thought there was no God. But certainly he is traduced; for his words are noble and divine: Non deos vulgi negare profanum; sed vulgi opiniones diis applicare profanum. Plato could have said no more. And although he had the confidence, to deny the administration, he had not the power, to deny the nature. The Indians of the West, have names for their particular gods, though they have no name for God: as if the heathens should have had the names Jupiter, Apollo, Mars, etc., but not the word Deus; which shows that even those barbarous people have the notion, though they have not the latitude and extent of it. So that against atheists, the very savages take part, with the very subtlest philosophers

Och så fortsätter Bacon sina tankar om den sanslösa version av ateism som än idag utger sig för att äga sanningen, tolkningen och rätten att bedöma något de inte förstår… Som att låta fotbollshuliganer tolka konst i Louvren!

Vissa fenomen utvecklas över tid, medan annat förblir lika meningslöst som för 399 år sedan. Nihil sub sole novum est…

Det här inlägget postades i Civilisationsmognad. Bokmärk permalänken.

3 kommentarer till Om ateism och bacon

  1. l_johan_k skriver:

    En icke-teistisk världsbild har i alla fall förmågan att säga vad som är ”sant” och ”falskt”:

  2. l_johan_k skriver:

    i) Det bör noteras att Bacon låg på KKs index över förbjudna böcker.

    ii) Det bästa citatet från Bacon är: ”Nature, to be commanded, must be obeyed.”.

    Det vill säga naturen är absolut och inte under kontroll av något medvetandes nycker och infall.

    • Zoltan skriver:

      l_johan_k,

      ”Det vill säga naturen är absolut och inte under kontroll av något medvetandes nycker och infall”

      Jaha, det var din ganska vidlyftiga tolkning. Den lösryckta meningen kan också tolkas: acceptera dina mänskliga (naturliga) begränsingar – försök inte leka Gud!

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